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Livre Corrosion de l'aluminium

Sommaire 
A- Aluminium and its alloys
B - The Corrosion of Aluminium
C - Atmospheric Corrosion of Aluminium
D - Corrosion in water
E - The Action of Inorganic Products

F - The Action of Organic Products
G- Action in diverse environments
H - Annexes

A-Aluminium and its alloys
1. The Advantages Of Aluminium
1.1 Lightness
1.2 Thermal Conductivity
1.3 Electrical Conductivity
1.4 Resistance to Corrosion
1.5 Suitability for Surface Treatments
1.6 The Diversity of Aluminium Alloys
1.7 The Diversity of Semi-Finished Products
1.8 The Functionality of Casting and Extrusions
1.9 Ease of Use
1.10 Recycling
2. Physical Properties of aluminium Chapter
3. The Metallurgy Of Aluminium
3.1 Alloys Series
3.2 Casting Alloys
3.3 Wrought Alloys
4. The Most Common Wrought Aluminium Alloys
4.1 The 1XXX Series
4.2 The 3XXX Series
4.3 The 5XXX Series
4.4 The 8XXX Series
4.5 The 2XXX Series
5 .Selection Criteria For Alloy Selection
5.1 Selection Criteria
5.2 Selecting an Alloy
5.3 Principal Applications of Aluminium and Its Alloys



B - The Corrosion of Aluminium

1. The Corrosion of Aluminium
1.1 Short Historical Introduction
1.2 The Electrochemical Basis of Metal Corrosion
1.3 The Electrochemical Reactions In the Corrosion of Aluminium
1.4 The Standard Potential Of a Metal
1.5 Dissolution Potentials
1.6 Electrochemical Equilibrium (Pourbaix) Diagrams
1.7 The Electrochemical Behaviour of Aluminium
1.8 Aluminium as a Passive Metal
2.Types of Corrosion on Aluminium
2.1 Uniform Corrosion
2.2 Pitting Corrosion
2.3 Transgranular and Intergranular (Intercrystalline) Corrosion
2.4 Exfoliation Corrosion
2.5 Stress Corrosion
2.6 Filiform Corrosion
2.7 Water Line Corrosion
2.8 Crevice Corrosion
2.9 Cavitation
2.10 Erosion
2.11 Microbiological Corrosion
2.12 Corrosion Products
3. Galvanic Corrosion
3.1 Aluminium and Galvanic Corrosion
3.2 Definition of Galvanic Corrosion
3.3 Form of Galvanic Corrosion
3.4 Principle of a Battery
3.5 Conditions of Galvanic Corrosion
3.6 Galvanic Corrosion Parameters
3.7 Practical Aspects of Galvanic Corrosion
3.8 The influence of the Type of Meatl in Contact with Aluminium in Emerged Assemblies
3.9 Contact Between Aluminium Alloys
3.10 Predicting Galvanic Corrosion
3.11 Prevention of Galvanic Corrosion
4. Testing Methods
4.1 Types of Tests
4.2 Goal of Corrosion Testing Methods
4.3 Expression of Results
4.4 Standardisation of Corrosion Testing Methods
4.5 Electrochemical Test Methods
5 Protection Against Corrosion
5.1 Boehmite Coatings
5.2 Chemical Conversion Treatments
5.3 Anodising
5.4 Paint and other Organic Coatings
5.5 Cathodic Protection
5.6 Cladding
5.7 Zinc Coating
5.8 Inhibitors
6. The Corrosion Behaviour of Aluminium Alloys
6.1 Factors Related to the Environment
6.2 Factors Related to the Metal
6.3 Factors Related to the Conditions of Use
6.4 The Corrosion resistance of Aluminium Alloys



C - Atmospheric Corrosion of Aluminium

1. Atmospheric Corrosion
1.1 The Nature of Atmospheric Corrosion
2.The Parameters of Atmospheric Corrosion
2.1 Relative Humidity
2.2 Rain
2.3 Fog
2.4 Condensation
2.5 Temperature
2.6 Gaseous Pollutants
2.7 Dust
2.8 Alternating Periods of Dampness and Dryness
3. Types of Atmospheres
3.1 The Classic Typology
3.2 Standardized Typology
3.3 The Predictive Approach
4. The Various Forms of Atmospheric Corrosion
4.1 Pitting Corrosion
4.2 Galvanic Corrosion
4.3 Filiform Corrosion
4.4 Tarnishing Due to Water Staining
4.5 Water Staining Due to Storage of Semi-products
5. The resistance of Aluminium to Atmospheric Corrosion
5.1 The Dome of San Gioacchino Church, a 100-year-old Experience
5.2 Atmospheric Corrosion of Aluminium Over Time
5.3 Weathering of Wrought Alloys
5.4 Weathering of Casting Alloys
5.5 Weathering of Anodised Semi-Products



D - Corrosion in water

1 . Fresh Water
1.1 The Physical Chemistry of Water
1.2 The Analysis of Water
1.3 Typology of Waters
1.4 The Various Forms of Aluminium Corrosion in Natural Water
1.5 Blackening of Aluminium
1.6 The Action of Water on Aluminium
1.7 The Influence of Temperature
1.8 The Influence of Oxygen Dissolved in Water
1.9 The Influence of pH
1.10 The Influence of Water Movement and Flow Speed
1.11 Predicting the Resistance of Aluminium in Fresh Water
1.12 Examples for the Use of Aluminium in contact with fresh Water
1.13 Distilled Water
2. Brackish Water And Liquid Waste
2.1 Backish Water
2.2 Liquid Waste
3. Sea Water
3.1 Characteristics of Sea Water
3.2 Marine Environments
3.3 Forms of Corrosion in Sea Water
3.4 Marine Applications of Aluminium



E - The Action of Inorganic Products

1.Oxides and Peroxides
1.1 Oxygen
1.2 Ozone
1.3 Metal Oxides
1.4 Oxides of Copper, Silver, Mercury and Lead
1.5 Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide
1.6 Sulphur Dioxide
1.7 Sulphuric Anhydride
1.8 Nitrogen Oxides
1.9 Peroxides
1.10 Oxychlorides
2. Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Noble Gases
2.1 Hydrogen
2.2 Nitrogen
2.3 Noble Gases
3. Metalloids and Halides
3.1 Phosphorus, Arsenic and Antimony
3.2 Carbon, Silicon and Boron
3.3 Sulphur
3.4 Halogens
3.5 Halogen Derivatives
3.6 Sulphides
4. Inorganic Bases
4.1 Sodium Hydroxide
4.2 Potassium Hydroxide
4.3 Lithium Hydroxide
4.4 Calcium Hydroxide
4.5 Barium Hydroxide
4.6 Ammonia
4.7 Ammonia Water
4.8 Hydrazine
5. Inorganic Acids
5.1 Hydracids
5.2 Oxyacids
6. Inorganic Salts
6.1 Fluorides
6.2 Chlorides
6.3 Chlorates and Perchlorates
6.4 Hypochlorites
6.5 Bromides and Iodides
6.6 Sulphates
6.7 Sulphites and Hydrogen Sulphites
6.8 Soddium Thiosulphates
6.9 Sulphides
6.10 Persulphates
6.11 Nitrates
6.12 Nitrites
6.13 Phosphates
6.14 Arsenates and Arsenites
6.15 Carbonates
6.16 Silicates and Metasilicates
6.17 Borates, Perborates and Tetraborates
6.18 Cyanides, Cyanates and Thiocynates
6.19 Chromates and Dichroamtes
6.20 Permanganates
6.21 Carbamates and Sulfamates



F - The Action of Organic Products

1. Hydrocarbons
1.1 Alkanes
1.2 Alkenes
1.3 Alkynes
1.4 Arenes or Aromatic Hydrocarbons
1.5 Terphenyls
1.6 Cyclic Non-Benzenic Hydrocarbons
1.7 Fuels for Engines
1.8 Petroleum Industry
1.9 Drilling Sludge
2. Halogen Derivatives
2.1 Derivatives of Acyclic Hydrocarbon
2.2 Derivatives of Aromatic Hydrocarbon
2.3 Halogen Derivatives of Acids and Phenol
3. Alcohols, Ethers, Thiols and Phenols
3.1 The Action of Boiling Alcohols and Dehydrated Phenols
3.2 Acrylic Saturated Alcohols
3.3 Acrylic Unsaturated Alcohols
3.4 Aromatic Alcohols
3.5 Other Alcohols
3.6 Polyalcohols
3.7 Ethers
3.8 Thiols and Their Derivatives
3.9 Phenols
4. Amines
4.1 Acyclical Amines
4.2 Alcohols Aminzs
4.3 Aromatic Amines
4.4 Derivatives of Aromatic Amines
4.5 Aminophenols
4.6 Amino Acidss
5. Aldehydes And Ketones
5.1 Aliphatic Aldehydes
5.2 Cyclic Aldehydes
5.3 Aromatic Aldehydes
5.4 Ketones
6. Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
6.1 Acyclic Hydrocarbon Acids
6.2 Acid Anhydrides
6.3 Salts of Organic Acids
6.4 Esters
6.5 Amides
6.6 Nitriles and Nitrous Derivatives
7. Other Organic Products
7.1 Alkaloids and Heterocyclic Compounds
7.2 Glucides



G - Action in diverse environments

1. Corrosion In Soil
1.1 Types of Soil
1.2 The Influence of the Nature of Soil on the Corrosion
1.3 Forms of Aluminium Corrosion in Soils
1.4 Aluminium Corrosion Resistance in Soil
1.5 Protection Against Corrosion in Soil
2. Effect Of Stray Current and Alternating Current
2.1 Stray Current
2.2 Alternating Current
3. Fertilisers and Herbicides
3.1 Fertilisers
3.2 Plant Care Products
4. Construction Materials
4.1 The Effect of Concrete
4.2 The Effect of Plaster
4.3 The Effect of Wood
4.4 The effect of Polymers
5. Food Industry
5.1 Aluminium And Health
5.2 Food Compatibility of Aluminium European Standardization
5.3 Applications of Aluminium in Contact With Foodstuffs
5.4 The resistance of Aluminium in Contact With Foodstuffs
6. Cleaning of Aluminium
6.1 Cleaning of Metallic Surfaces
6.2 The Choice of Cleaning Products
6.3 Compatibility With Aluminium
6.4 Cleaning of Materials Used With Food
6.5 Cleaning of Anodised Surfaces
6.6 Sand Blasting
6.7 Cleaning by projection of Ice or Carbonic Ice
7. Behaviour In Fire
7.1 Fire Resistance
7.2 Reaction to Fire
7.3 The Classification of Aluminium Alloys

H - Annexes


1 Products that may be dangerous in contact with aluminium

2 General References

3 Glossary

4 Index

Tasks & Area operation


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